• RESEARCH INTERESTS

    Underground space and rock engineering

    • Seismic design of underground space using geo-centrifuge based physical modeling – Specialized in soil-structure interaction
    • Deep underground space technology
    • Tunnel support design using convergence confinement method considering seepage forces
    • Waterjet aided vibration reduced tunnel blasting technique

    Sustainable development of infrastructure

    • Nondestructive characterization for soil and rock using elastic and electromagnetic waves
    • Smart geophysical characterization technique for geo-structures
    • Probabilistic analysis of elastic wave propagation in the multi-scale heterogeneous ground

    Energy Geotechnology: Gas-hydrate dissociation process

    • Sequential and iterative Thermal-Hydraulic-Mechanical coupled analysis
    • Spatial variability of gas-hydrate deposit
    • Thermal conduction considering the latent heat of hydrate dissociation
    • Simulation of consolidation process induced by gas-hydrate dissociation
  • PUBLICATIONS

    Thesis

    Ph.D. Thesis (2009). Evaluation and Analysis Methods of Key Elements affecting Tunnel Behavior – Spatial Variability, Shotcrete Bonding State, Pre-Reinforcement. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea

    Journal Publications

    Refereed SCI(E) International Journal Papers

    1. Kim, S.H., SONG, K.I. (Corresponding) (2016), Partial Reinforcement of Steel Pipe in Umbrella Arch Method, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology (SCIE) (In preparation)
    2. Song, K.I., Jung, S.H., Cho, G.C., Cha, M.S. (2016), Obtaining of dynamic properties of jointed rock mass using quasi-static resonant column test, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering (SCI) (In preparation)
    3. Kim, Aram, Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., (2016), Water and gas flow in hydrate-bearing sediments due to depressurization-induced dissociation, Energy & Fuel (SCI) (In preparation)
    4. Lee J.H., Cho, G.C., Song, K.I. (2016), Characterization of Strain-dependent Behaviors of Jointed Granites, Geophysics (SCI) (In preparation: 2016.11)
    5. Pacifique Kiza Rusati, Song, K.I. (Corresponding), Shin, J.H., Kim, H.M., Shin, Y.W (2016), Statistical evaluation on the pullout resistance of rockbolt, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology (SCIE) (In preparation: 2016.11)
    6. Cho, W.S., Song, K.I. (Corresponding), Kim, K.Y. (2016), Behavior of water supply pipeline induced by shield TBM tunnelling and integrated stability analysis – Part 1: Numerical modelling of shield TBM tunnelling, (SCIE) (In preparation: 2016.11)
    7. Cho, W.S., Song, K.I. (Corresponding), Kim, K.Y. (2016), Behavior of water supply pipeline induced by shield TBM tunnelling and integrated stability analysis – Part 2: The integrated stability analysis of water supply pipeline, (SCIE) (In preparation: 2016.11)
    8. Song, K.I., Jeong, H.S., Shin, J., Shin, Y.W. (2016), Quality Control of Lattice Girder for Structural Performance and Tunnel Safety, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology (SCIE) (In preparation: 2016.11)
    9. Chang-Seon Park; Hae-Won Park; Song, K.I.; Jin-Hoon Jeong (2016), Investigation of Cavity Underneath Pavement Using Electrical Resistivity (SCIE) (In preparation: 2016.11)
    10. Lang Liu, Zhongliang Yao, KI-IL Song, Dezheng Lao, Daiqiang Deng (2016) A practice of cemented backfill technology with ultra-fine tailings in a gold mine, Minerals Engineering (SCI) (Under review: 2016.12)
    11. Motamedi Shervin, Rozainah Zakaria, Arniza Fitri, Roslan Hashim, Song, K.I.(2016), Shoreline protection with mangrove plantation and breakwater: Revisit to Sungai Haji Dorani, Malaysia for long-term assessment (SCIE) (Under review: 2016.12)
    12. Roslan Hashim, Shervin Motamedi, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Song, K.I.(2016), Prediction of lime-cement-clay composite mixture with adaptive neuro-fuzzy method, Measurement (SCIE) (Under review: 2016.11)
    13. Mohd Khairul Azhar Bin Ismail, Song, K.I. (Corresponding) (2016) The Relationship Between Shear Bands and Pullout Resistance in Geosynthetics: An Experimental and Numerical Study, Proceeding of ICE – Geotechnical Engineering (SCIE) (Under review: 2016.11)
    14. Motamedi Shervin, Roslan Hashim, Song, K.I. (Corresponding), Shahaboddin Shamshirband (2016), Estimation of the ultimate bearing capacity of foundation reinforced with pulverized fuel ash mixture by adaptive neuro-fuzzy methodology, International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (SCIE) (Under review: 2016.11)
    15. Hai-qing SHUANG, Hong-sheng WANG, Shu-gang LI, Song, K.I.(Corresponding author), Lang LIU (2016) Extraction of pressurized gas in low air-conductivity coal seam using drainage roadway, Sustainability (SSCI), (Under review: 2016.10)
    16. Arniza Fitri, Roslan Hashim, Motamedi Shervin, Song, K.I. (2016) Modelling of suspended sediment transport in the vicinity of a detached low-crested breakwater, Coastal Engineering Journal (SCIE), (Under review: 2016.11)
    17. An, J.S., Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Yun, Y.W. (2016), Dual sheet pile self-support earth retaining structure, Geomechanics and Engineering, an International Journal (SCIE) (Under review: 2015.9) – Subsea tunnel
    18. Sim, Y.J., Gye-Chun Cho, Song, K.I.(Corresponding) (2016), Prediction of Fragmentation Zone Induced by Blasting in Rock, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering (SCI), (In revision: 2016.11) – CUT
    19. Keun-Soo Kim, Yeo-Won Yoon, Ki-II Song (2016) Pullout Resistance of Treadmats for Reinforced Soil Structures, Geomechanics and Engineering, an International Journal (SCIE) (In revision: 2016.11)
    20. Roslan Hashim, Siew Cheng Lee, Rozainah Zakaria, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Song, K.I., Andy Chan, Mohamad Tarmizi Mohamad Zulkifley, Shervin Motamedi, Bakrin Sofawi (2016), Determining
    21. heavy metals and nutrients concentration of coastal soil-water samples using extreme learning machine (ELM) analysis, Measurement (SCIE) (In revision: 2016.06)
    22. Pezhman Taherei Ghazvinei, Shervin Motamedi, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Dalibor Petković, Roslan Hashim, Song, K.I. (2016) Optimization of a sustainable sugarcane production system using a Sugeno-type fuzzy inference technique, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture (SCIE) (In revision: 2016:05)
    23. Baak, S.H., Cho. G.C., Song, K.I. (2016), Stability Analysis of the Concrete Slab of the Highest Concrete-Faced Rock-Fill Dam in South Korea, Geomechanics and Engineering, an International Journal (SCIE) (In revision: 2016.6)
    24. Joo-Young Park, Dueck-Su Sohn, Jae-Hoon Lee, Ki-Il Song & Jin-Hoon Jeong (2016), Optimal design for concrete pavement situated above box culvert: experimental and numerical study, International Journal of Pavement Engineering (SCIE), DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095894 (In press)
    25. Jin-Sun Lim, Song, K.I. (Corresponding author), Hang-Lo Lee (2016), Real-Time Location Tracking of Multiple Construction Laborers, Sensors (SCIE), Vol. 16, No. 11, 1869. – RTLS, Subsea tunnel
    26. So-Jung Lee, Jung-Chan Choi, Seunghun Baek, Tae-Hyuk Kwon, Hee-Hwan Ryu, Ki-Il Song (2016), Use of a Pre-Drilled Hole for Implementing Thermal Needle Probe Method for Soils and Rocks, Energies (SCIE), Vol. 2016, No. 9, 846
    27. Kim, S.H., Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Park, J.H. (2016), Experimental evaluation of the active tension bolt, Geomechanics and Engineering, an International Journal (SCIE), 2016.08, Vol. 11, Number 2, pp.177-195 – Subsea tunnel
    28. Mustaqim, M.N.M. and Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Kim, D.W., Ilhan Chang (2016), Evolution of joint roughness degradation from cyclic loading and its effect on the elastic wave velocity, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 2016.08, Vol.49, No.8, pp. 3363~3370 (SCI) (DOI: 10.1007_s00603-015-0879-7) – NRF
    29. Wang, H.-S.; Zhang, D.-S.; Liu, L.; Guo, W.-B.; Fan, G.-W.; Song, K.I. (Corresponding); Wang, X.-F. (2016), Stabilization of Gob-Side Entry with an Artificial Side for Sustaining Mining Work, Sustainability 2016.7, Vol. 8, Issue 7, 627. (SSCI)
    30. Liu Lang, Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Yue Zhai, Dezheng Lao, Hang-Lo Lee (2016), Stress wave propagation in viscoelastic-plastic rock-like materials, Materials (SCIE), 2016.5, Vol. 9, No. 5, 377 – INHA, NRF
    31. Roslan Hashim, Chandrabhushan Roy, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Shervin Motamedi, Arnitza Fitri, Dalibor Petković, Song K.I., (2016), Estimation of Wind-Driven Coastal Waves Near a Mangrove Forest Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System, Water Resources Management (SCIE), 2016.5 Vol. 30, No. 7, pp. 2391~2404.
    32. Hong, E.S., Kwon, T.H., Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2016), Experimental study on the scale of degraded asperities on a rock joint surface due to shear, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering (SCI), 2016.1. Vol.49, No.1, pp.3-17. (DOI: 10.1007/s00603-015-0725-y)
    33. Arniza Fitri, Roslan Hashim, Song, K.I., Motamedi Shervin (2015) Evaluation of Morphodynamic Changes in the Vicinity of Low-Crested Breakwater on Cohesive Shore of Carey Island, Malaysia, Coastal Engineering Journal (SCIE), (DOI: 10.1142/S0578563415500230) Vol. 57, No. 4, 1550023.
    34. Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Amirmohammad Tavakkoli, Chandra Bhushan Roy, Shervin Motamedi, Song, K.I., Roslan Hashim, Syed Mofachirul Islam (2015), Hybrid intelligent model for approximating unconfined compressive strength of cement-based bricks with odd-valued array of peat content (0-29%), Powder Technology (SCI), 2015.11. Vol.284, pp .560-570.
    35. Jin, S.H.,Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Shin, D.H., Shin, S.B. (2015), Performance-Based Evaluation Rubric for Assessing and Enhancing Engineering Design Skills in Introductory Engineering Design Courses, International Journal of Engineering Education (SCIE), Vol. 31, No. 4, 2015.07, pp. 1009-1020.
    36. Lang Liu, Xingping Lai, Song, K.I., Dezheng Lao (2015), Intelligent Prediction Model Based on Genetic Algorithm and Support Vector Machine for Evaluation of Mining-Induced Building Damage, Technical Gazette (SCIE), Vol. 22, No. 3, 2015.06, pp. 743-753. – INHA, KEPCO
    37. Shervin Motamedi, Chandrabhushan Roy, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Roslan Hashim, Dalibor Petkovic, Song, K.I. (2015), Prediction of ultrasonic pulse velocity for enhanced peat bricks using adaptive neuro-fuzzy methodology, Ultrasonics (SCI), Vol. 61, 2015.08, pp.103-113. – NRF
    38. Liu Lang, Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Dezheng Lao, Tae-Hyuk Kwon (2015), Rheological properties of mining backfill paste and its prediction model construction, Materials, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 2076-2092 (SCIE) – INHA, NRF
    39. Motamedi Shervin, Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Mohamed Roslan. (2015), Prediction of Unconfined Compressive Strength of PFA-Cement-Sand Mixture, Materials and Structures (SCIE), Vol. 48, Issue 4, 2015.04, pp. 1061-1073. – NRF
    40. Shervin Motamedi, Roslan Hashim, Rozainah Zakaria, Ki-Il Song, and Bakrin Sofawi (2014) Long-term assessment of an innovative mangrove rehabilitation project in the tropics: Case study on Carey Island, Malaysia, Scientific World Journal (SCIE), Article ID: 953830. 2014.07 (SCIE)
    41. Lee Siew Cheng, Roslan Hashim, Motamedi Shervin, Song, K.I. (2014) Utilization of geotextile tube for sandy and muddy coastal management: A review, Scientific World Journal, Article ID: 494020. 2014.05 (SCIE)
    42. Song, K.I., Oh, T.M., Cho, G.C. (2014), Abrasive Waterjet aided Vibration Reduced Tunnel Blasting Technique-Numerical Analysis, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineer, Vol.18, No. 4, pp.1165-1175. 2014.05 (SCIE) – NRF
    43. Mustaqim, M.N.M., Song, K.I. (corresponding), Cho, G.C., Zainab, M. (2014), Long-Wavelength Elastic Wave Propagation across Naturally Fractured Rock Masses, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, pp.561-573, 2014.03 (SCI)
    44. Hong, E.S., Song, K.I. (corresponding), Yoon, Y.W., Hu, J.W. (2014), Characteristics of failure surfaces induced by embankments on soft ground, Geomechanics and Engineering, an International Journal, Vol. 6, No.1, pp.17-31, 2014.01 (SCIE) – NRF
    45. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Chang, S.B., Lee, I.M. (2013), Beam-spring structural analysis model for the design of tunnel pre-reinforcement support system, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 59, pp. 139-150, 2013.04 (SCI, IF=1.272)
    46. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Chang, S.B. (2012), Identification, remediation, and analysis of karst sinkholes in the longest railroad tunnel in South Korea, Engineering Geology, Vol. 135–136, pp. 92–105, 2012.05 (doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2012.02.018) (SCI, IF=1.442)
    47. Shin, Y.J., Song, K.I. (corresponding), Lee, I.M., Cho. G.C. (2011), Interaction between tunnel supports and ground convergence-Consideration of seepage forces, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 394-405, 2011.04 (doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2011.01.003) (SCI, IF=1.142)
    48. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Lee, S.W. (2011), Effects of spatially variable weathered rock properties on tunnel behavior, Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 413-426, 2011.07 (doi:10.1016/j.probengmech.2010.11.010) (SCI, IF=1.221)
    49. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2010), Numerical study on the evaluation of tunnel shotcrete using the Impact-Echo method coupled with Fourier transform and short-time Fourier transform, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 47, No. 8, pp. 1274-1288, 2010.12 (doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2010.09.005) (SCI, IF=1.142)
    50. Kwon, T.H., Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2010). Destabilization of Marine Gas Hydrate-Bearing Sediments induced by a Hot Wellbore: A Numerical Approach. Energy and Fuels, Vol. 24, No. 10, pp. 5493–5507.(DOI:10.1021/ef100596x) (SCI, IF=2.319)
    51. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2009). Bonding state evaluation of tunnel shotcrete applied onto hard rocks using the impact-echo method. NDT&E International, Vol. 42, pp. 487-500, 2009.09 (doi:10.1016/j.ndteint.2009.02.007) (SCI, IF = 1.323)
    52. Kim, J., Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Lee, S.W. (2008). Evaluation of the time-dependent characteristics of grouted sand. Modern Physics Letters B, Vol. 22, No. 11, May 10, pp. 899-904. (doi:10.1142/S0217984908015577) (SCI, IF = 0.512)
    53. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Sim, Y.J., and Lee, I.M. (2006). Optimization of a pre-improvement support system for large underground excavation. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol.21, Nos.3-4, May-July. pp.374-374. (doi:10.1016/j.tust.2005.12.189) (SCIE, IF = 0.701)
    54. Choi, J.S., Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and Lee, S.W. (2004). Characterization of unsaturated particulate materials using elastic and electromagnetic waves. Key Engineering Materials, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, Vol. 270/273, No. 2, pp. 1653-1658. (SCI, IF = 0.284)

    Refereed Papers in Scopus

    1. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2010). Health Monitoring of Tunnel Shotcrete Lining using Nondestructive Testing Methods. ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication NO. 199, pp. 2368-2377. (doi: 10.1061/41095(365)240) (Scopus)
    2. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2007). Determination of equivalent design parameters for effective numerical modeling of pre-reinforced zones in a tunnel. ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication NO. 174, pp. 9-18. (doi: 10.1061/40918(237)1) (Scopus)
    3. Song, K.I., Kim, J., Cho, G.C., Hong, E.S. (2007). Time-dependent behavior of pre-grouted zones in the cross-Han river tunnel. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2007, Nov., Vol. 26, No. 11, pp. 2207-2216. (Scopus)
    4. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Lee, S.R., and Lee, J.H. (2007). Design Parameter Determination for Modeling of Pre-reinforced Zones in a Tunnel. ITA-AITES WORLD TUNNEL CONGRESS 2007, Prague, Czech Republic, 5-10 May, 2007. pp. 713-719. (Scopus)  

    Journal Papers in Korean

    1. 운영 중 터널의 안정성 평가를 위한 역해석 프로그램 개발: 횡단방향, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 19권 1호(예정), 2017.
    2. 운영 중 터널의 안정성 평가를 위한 역해석 프로그램 개발: 종단방향, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 6호(예정), 2016.
    3. 지반 및 라이닝 열화 계측 정보를 반영한 해저 터널의 안정성 평가, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 5호, 389~399, 2016.
    4. 지하공간에서 노무자의 위치 인식을 위한 RTL 시스템 개선, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 3호, 331~339, 2016.
    5. 강재 품질에 따른 격자지보재의 성능평가, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 2호, 165~173, 2016.
    6. 구형지하공동 형성이 지표침하에 미치는 영향에 대한 3차원 개별요소해석, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 2호, 129~142, 2016.
    7. 운영 중 터널 역해석을 위한 차분진화 알고리즘 최적화, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 2호, 183~193, 2016.
    8. TBM 굴진성능 예측모델 분석: 리뷰, 한국터널지하공간학회 논문집, 18권 2호, 245~256, 2016.
    9. Youngjong Sim, Kyu-Nam Jin, Ki-Il Song (2015). Comparison of earth pressure around pipe-roof between UPRS and front-jacking method, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 17, No. 5, 513~522. (KCI)
    10. Cho, W.S., Song, K.I. (Corresponding), Kim, K.Y. (2014). The study on the effect of fracture zone and its orientation on the behavior of shield TBM cable tunnel, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 16, No. 4, 402-415. (KCI)
    11. Cho, W.S., Song, K.I.(Corresponding), Ryu, H.H. (2014). Effect of backfill grout injection on the behavior of cable tunnel driven by EPB shield TBM, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 213-224. (KCI)
    12. Lee, H.M., Lim, H.D., Cho, G.C., Song, K.I. (2013). The Stability Evaluation of Concrete Face Rockfill Dam (CFRD) Using Settlement Measured at the Dam Crest and Kelvin Model, Journal of the Korean Geo-Enviornmental Society, Vol. 14, No. 11, pp. 33-46. (KCI)
    13. Sim, Y.J., Jin, K.N., Song, K.I.(Corresponding) (2013). Analysis on the characteristics of the earth pressure distribution induced by the integrated steel pipe-roof construction, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 455-468 (KCI)
    14. Song, K.I. (2013). Stochastic numerical study on the propagation characteristics of P-Wave in heterogeneous ground, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 13-24.
    15. Song, K.I., Jung, S.H., Cho, G.C., Lee, J.H. (2010). Seismic Analysis of Tunnel Considering the Strain-Dependent Shear Modulus and Damping Ratio of a Jointed Rock Mass, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 12, No.4, pp. 295-306. (KCI)
    16. Hong, E.J., Chang, S.B., Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2010). Analysis of the peak particle velocity and the bonding state of shotcrete induced by the tunnel blasting, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 12, No.3, pp. 247-255.(KCI)
    17. Song, K.I., Jung, S.H., and Cho, G.C. (2009). Seismic analysis and dynamic behavior of rib-reinforced pre-cast arch cut-and-cover tunnels, Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 11, No.3, pp. 287-301.(KCI)
    18. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Chang, S.B., and Hong, E.S. (2009). Evaluation of bonding state of tunnel shotcrete using the impact-echo method – Experimental study. Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 11, No.1, pp. 71-83.(KCI)
    19. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and Chang, S.B., (2008). Evaluation of bonding state of tunnel shotcrete using a impact-echo method – Numerical analysis. Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 105-118. (KCI)
    20. Song, K.I., Kim, J., and Cho, G.C. (2007). Numerical Analysis of Pre-reinforced Zones in Tunnel considering the Time-dependent Grouting Performance. Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 109-120. (KCI)
    21. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2006). Effect of Spatial Distribution of Geotechnical Parameters on Tunnel Deformation. Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 249-257. (KCI)
    22. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2006). Equivalent Design Parameter Estimation for Effective Numerical Modeling of Pre-reinforced Zones in Tunnel. Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 151-163. (KCI: Korean Citation Index)   

    International Conference Papers

    Conference Papers

    1. Choi, J.S., Song, K.I., and Cho, G.C. (2003). Characterization of unsaturated soils using wave-based techniques. The Sixteenth KKCNN Symposium on Civil Engineering, December 8-10, 2003, Kyoungju, Korea, pp. 525-531.(Oral Presentation)
    2. Cho, G.C., Choi, J.S., and Song, K.I. (2004). Assessment of soil-water interaction characteristics using wave-based techniques. The 5th Korea-Japan Seminar/Workshop on System Identification and Structural Health Monitoring, Dongguk Univ., Seoul, Korea, January 30-31 2004, pp. 89-97. (Oral Presentation)
    3. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and Sim, Y.J. (2004). The effect of design parameter variation on tunnel deformation. The Seventeenth KKCNN Symposium on Civil Engineering, December 13-15, 2004, Thailand, pp. 631-636. (Oral Presentation)
    4. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Lee, I.M., and Lee, S.W. (2005). The effect of spatial distribution in geotechnical design parameters on tunnel deformation. Proceedings of the 31st ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress, Underground Space Use: Analysis of the Past and Lessons for the Future, Y. Erdem and T. Solak (eds), Taylor & Francis Group, London, 7-12 May 2005, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 183-189. (Poster Presentation)
    5. Sim, Y.J., Song, K.I., and Cho, G.C. (2005). Evaluation of final fragmentation zone induced by rock blasting. The Eighteenth KKCNN Symposium on Civil Engineering, December 18-20, Taiwan. pp. 161-168. (Oral Presentation)
    6. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and You, K.H. (2006). Affect of Design Parameter Variation on Tunnel Deformation. US-Korea Conference 2006, Proceeding distributed with CD. Aug.10-13, Teaneck, New Jersey. (Poster Presentation)
    7. Joowon Kim, Ki-Il Song, and Gye-Chun Cho (2006). Characterization of Grouted soil around Tunnel. The Nineteenth KKCNN Symposium on Civil Engineering, December 10-12, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 61-64. (Oral Presentation)
    8. Song, K.I., Cho G.C., Lee S.W. (2007). Risk Consideration in Large Tunnel Construction: Scale and Design Parameter Variation. Proceeding of International Geotechnical Symposium (IGSS, 2007) on GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING FOR DISASTER PREVENTION & REDUCTION, 24-26th of July 2007 MEGA PALACE HOTEL Russia, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, pp. 389-392. (Oral presentation)
    9. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Chang, S.B., Lee, S.W. (2007). Evaluation of bonding state of tunnel shotcrete using NDT methods, The 2nd International Conference on Advanced Nondestructive Evaluation, BEXCO, Busan, Korea, Oct. 17-19, 2007.
    10. Cho, G.C., Song, K.I., Chang, S.B. (2007), Assessment of bonding state of tunnel shotcrete based on time-frequency analysis. Proceeding of International Symposium (IS-Pattaya 2007) on Tunnelling for Urban Development, 14-15 December 2007, Jomtien Palm Beach Hotel & Resort, Pattaya City, Thailand, pp. 490-498. (Oral Presentation)
    11. Song, K.I., Kim, J, Cho, G.C. (2008), Analysis of Pre-reinforced Zones in Tunnel considering the Time-dependent Performance. IS-Shanghai 2008, 6th International Symposium on Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground, 10 -12 April, pp. 558-563. (Oral Presentation)
    12. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C. (2008), Study on the ground reaction curve with consideration of seepage forces after grouting in tunnels. 4th International conference on Advances in Structural Engineering and Mechanics (A SEM08), 26-28 May 2008, Jeju, Korea
    13. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and Jue, K.S. (2009), Effect of the spatial variability of shotcrete and soft ground on the plastic region around a tunnel. ITA-AITES WORLD TUNNEL CONGRESS 2009 Budapest, Hungary, 23-28 May, 2009 (Oral Presentation)
    14. Jung, S.H., Song, K.I., and Cho, G.C. (2009), Seismic Analysis of Rib-Reinforced Pre-Cast Arch Cut-and-Cover Tunnels. ITA-AITES WORLD TUNNEL CONGRESS 2009 Budapest, Hungary, 23-28 May, 2009 (Poster Presentation)
    15. Song, K.I., Ryu, H.H., Cho, G.C. (2010), Multi-scale analysis on propagation of electromagnetic and elastic wave in heterogeneous ground. US-Korea Workshop, May. 30-June. 3, Jeju island, Korea (Oral Presentation)
    16. Song, K.I., Cho. G.C., Mohamed, Z. (2011), Probabilistic analysis for the travel-time shift of elastic wave induced by material heterogeneity, In: Deodatis, G. and Spanos, P. D., eds. 6th Computational Stochastic Mechanics, Research Publishing, Singapore, pp. 533-542. (doi:10.3850/978-981-08-7619-7_P055), (Rhodes, Greece, June 13-16, 2010)
    17. Md Hasan, A.S., Mohamed, Z., and Song, K.I. (corresponding author) (2010), Micro and macro approaches for characterization of porosity of granite depending on the weathering degree. International Symposium on Geomechanics and Geotechnics: From Micro to Macro, ISShanghai 2010, Oct. 10-12, Shanghai, China, pp. 241- 245. (Poster Presentation), (Trip supported from JPBSM, UiTM)
    18. Song, K.I., Cho. G.C., Mohamed, Z. (2010), Numerical study on the longitudinal deformation profile considering the pre-reinforcement – Experience from Korean subway project, Geotropika2010, (Oral Presentation) (Trip supported from FCE, UiTM)
    19. Bawadi, N.F., Mohamed, Z., Song, K.I. (2011), Tunnel Support Design of Partial Excavation Using Convergence Confinement Method, International Conference and Exhibition on Tunnelling and Trenchless Technology, 1-3 March 2011. (Paper Accepted)
    20. Tae-Min Oh, Gye-Chun Cho, Ki-Il Song, In-Taeg Ji (2012), A New Rock Excavation Method Using an Abrasive Waterjet to Minimize Excavation Damaged Zone, ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2012, Bangkok, Thailand.
    21. Cho, G.C., Song, K.I., Kim, K.Y. (2014), Seismic analysis of shaft and tunnel Intersection considering Strain-Dependent Rock Mass Behaviour, ITA-AITES WORLD TUNNEL CONGRESS 2014, Iguassu Falls, Brazil
    22. G.W. Joo, T.M. Oh, G.C. Cho, H.H. Ryu, SONG, K.I. (2014) A Tunnel-ahead Prediction Monitoring Method for TBM using Electrical Resistivity, ITA-AITES WORLD TUNNEL CONGRESS 2014, Iguassu Falls, Brazil
    23. A.R. Kim, G.C. Cho, K.I. Song, S.J. Kim (2014), Settlement Prediction In The Ulleung Basin Due To Gas Hydrate Production, Offshore Technology Conference, Texas, USA, 5–8 May 2014.
    24. SONG K.I., Jung S.H., Cha M.S., Cho. G.C. (2014), Numerical simulation of long-wavelength elastic wave propagation in jointed rock mass, ICCES 2014, Changwon, Korea, 14-17 June 2014.
    25. Cho, W.S., Song, K.I., Kim, K.Y. (2014), Mechanical behavior of ground due to EPB shield TBM tunnel excavation passing through fractured zone, IS-Seoul 2014, Seoul, 25-27 August 2014.
    26. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., Lee, D.S., Lee, Sanghyun (2015), Effect of micro soil properties on the macro behavior of a tunnel, 15th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Fukuoka, Japan, 9-13 November, 2015
    27. Hee-Hwan Ryu, Ki-Il Song, Dae-Soo Lee, Gye-Chun Cho, Kyoung-Yul Kim (2015), Exploration of underground utilities for electric field analysis in jointed rock mass with anomaly, 3rd International Workshop on Geoelectrical Monitoring GELMON, VIENNA, 24-26 November, 2015
    28. Lee S.H., Lee H.L., Song K.I., Analysis of Settlement caused by Shield TBM Excavation with Discrete Element Method, 13th International Conference Underground Construction Prague 2016.5
    29. Suy Vathna, Lee, S.H., Song K.I., Prediction of Rockburst Potential under High Geo-stress: Experimental study, 9th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium, 2016. 10. 18-20, Bali, Indonesia

    Conference papers in Korean

    1. Chang, I.H., Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and Lee, J.K. (2005). Evaluation of the Consolidation State of Soft Soils using Shear Waves. Current Geotechnical Issues of Thick Clay Deposits, Proceeding of ISSMGE ATC-7 & KGS Joint Symposium, September 21~22, 2005, Busan, Korea, pp. 57-64. (Oral Presentation)
    2. Song, K.I., Kim, J., Cho, G.C., and You, K.H. (2007). Time-dependent behavior analysis of pre-reinforced zones around tunnel face. Proceeding of KTA Annual Conference, April 20~21, 2007, Seoul, Korea, pp. 187-196. (Oral Presentation)
    3. Song, K.I., Cho, G.C., and Chang, S.B. (2008), Numerical evaluation of bonding state of tunnel shotcrete, Proceeding of KTA Annual Conference, April 24, 2008, Seoul, Korea, pp. 223-232. (Poster Presentation)
    4. Song, K.I., Jung, S.H., and Cho, G.C. (2008), Dynamic Analysis of Tunnel Considering Normalized Shear Modulus Degradation Curve. Proceeding of KSCE annual conference, October 30~31, Daejeon, (Oral Presentation)
  • PATENT

    Title of patent: Evaluation of bonding state between shotcrete and concrete and between shotcrete and ground using the impact-echo – Equipment and methodology

    Inventor: Cho, Gye-Chun and Song, Ki-Il

    Patent Holder: Department of civil and environmental engineering, KAIST, South Korea

    Patent Application: 10-2008-0104397

    Patent Registration: 10-1027069

     

    Title of patent: Method and system for determining whether traffic congestion is occuring

    Inventor: LEE Seung Yeop and Song, Ki-Il

    Patent Holder: Department of civil engineering, Inha University, South Korea

    Patent Application: 10-2013-0095264

     

    Title of patent: Testing Method of Brittle Failure Potential of Rock Specimen

    Inventor: Song, Ki-Il

    Patent Holder: Department of civil engineering, Inha University, South Korea

    Patent Application: 10-2014-0012089

     

    Title of patent: Earth retaining structure utilizing in-situ soil and earth retaining structure construction Method (원지반 토사를 활용한 흙막이 벽체구조물 및 흙막이 벽체구조물 시공 방법)

    Inventor: Song, Ki-Il and Yun, Yeo Won

    Patent Holder: Department of civil engineering, Inha University, South Korea

    Patent Application: 10-2014-0089054

  • RESEARCH GRANTS AND PROJECTS

    As a Project leader

    2013.9.23~2016.3.22 Interaction between cable tunnel and underground anomalies in complicated ground condition [KERRI under KEPCO] 200,000,000KW
    2013.11~2016.11 Development of rock burst analysis system and preventive measures for deep underground space construction under high geo-stress [NRF, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future planning] 210,000,000KW
    2014.5~2015.5 Stability analysis on Gas Hydrate production well for test production -– Project #2 [KAIST and KIGAM, Korea] 50,000,000KW
    2014.8~2015.12 Prediction of damage of building and ground due to dynamic ground behavior induced by tunnelling in urban area with incremental dynamic analysis[EU-ERC at University College Dublin] 14,000,000KW
    2015.6~2018.5 Development of stability analysis program of long subsea tunnel under high water pressure 180,000,000KW
    2015.6~2018.5 Life-long management technique of dual deck tunnel 250,000,000KW
    2015.6~2019.12 Prediction of advance rate of Slurry TBM 650,000,000KW